Factors That Influence the Development of Psychopathology

Discussion: Factors That Influence the Development of Psychopathology

Explain the biological (genetic and neuroscientific); psychological (behavioral and cognitive processes, emotional, developmental); and social, cultural, and interpersonal factors that influence the development of psychopathology.

Required materials

1.  Sadock, B. J., Sadock, V. A., & Ruiz, P. (2015). Kaplan & Sadock’s synopsis of psychiatry (11th ed.). Wolters Kluwer.

2. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596

Note: This text is available at no charge in the Walden Library.

3.  Carlat, D. J. (2017). The psychiatric interview (4th ed.). Wolters Kluwer.

Other materials are described as secondary sources

2 pages with References

Nurses as Leaders in Healthcare Reform

Nurses as Leaders in Healthcare Reform

Mercy Ansuaje

Maythee Rodriguez

Yuvislay Clavel

Geanny Garcia

Miami Regional University

NUR4900 – Capstone RN to BSN

Prof. Laritza Varona

November 25, 2021

 

Nurses as Leaders in Healthcare Reform

Due to disparities, suboptimal outcomes, unsustainable costs, access problems, and fragmentation. Salmond and Echevarria (2017). Explain that the great urgency of change in the role of nurses was influenced by the concerns on disease-type demographics. And the cost and quality issues. There are varying programs led by the Centers for Medicare. And Medicaid Services and the Affordable Care Act to improve quality and cost. These created the need for care coordination and interdisciplinary team to reduce spending, improve outcomes. And improve care especially attributed to adverse drug interactions, multiple prescriptions, repeated diagnostic testing; unnecessary emergency department utilization; and unnecessary hospitalization (Salmond and Echevarria, 2017). Due to these changing health programs, nurses are part of the transformative change which requires a change from patient-centered care, fee-for-service care, provider-based care, and episodic care across a continuum that provides quality, affordable, and seamless care.

Current Issue

The 21st healthcare has transformed, calling for 21st-century nurses to be an agent of change. This was facilitated by the release of The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health in 2010 by the Institute of Medicine (IOM). The report provides the role of nurses as a catalyst of change. Besides, the role of nurses’ leaders is evolving and expanding, which thus requires nurse leaders to build their knowledge base on professionalism, leadership, communication, and business skills (Bouchad et al., 2017). The health problems in the 21st century require nurse managers to build the gap between the administration and the clinical by understanding professional and personal development, the business aspect of management, and learning ways to lead with knowledge in human resources and leadership skills.

Nurses are in higher demand due to the increased aging population who are developing chronic diseases. These changes increase the healthcare cost. According to Cutler (2019), nurses reduce healthcare costs as a nurse’s cost is slightly above $1 per minute, that of a physician is $3 per minute, and surgeon costs $6 per minute. Some of the roles of the physicians and surgeons can be performed by nurses hence increasing the need for nurse leaders in healthcare reform. Besides, health institutions with a higher nurse-to-patient ratio have better patient outcomes. Similarly, the increased specialization in nursing places nurses in leadership roles.

Measures to Improve Nurse Leadership

Nurse leadership can be promoted by training nurses on change management to understand how to respond to the changing healthcare system. For example, it is important that nurses understand the economics of accountable care organization (ACO) payment models to help reduce readmissions, monitor specialist care, and meet quality goals. The second measures are the increased specialization in nursing where nurses can choose from. The ongoing reforms require all nurses to be leaders in the reform system’s design, implementation, evaluation, and advocacy. To act as full partners, nurses need leadership competencies and skills to help them operate as full partners with other health professionals.

the Alterations in Cellular Processes.

Post an explanation of the Alterations in Cellular Processes. Include the following in your explanation:

  • The role genetics plays in the disease.
  • Why the patient is presenting with the specific symptoms described.
  • The physiologic response to the stimulus presented in the scenario and why you think this response occurred.
  • The cells that are involved in this process.
  • How another characteristic (e.g., gender, genetics) would change your response.

the principles of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics.

the principles of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics.
To Prepare
  • Review the Resources for this module and consider the principles of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics.
  • Reflect on your experiences, observations, and/or clinical practices from the last 5 years and think about how pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic factors altered his or her anticipated response to a drug.
  • Consider factors that might have influenced the patient’s pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic processes, such as genetics (including pharmacogenetics), gender, ethnicity, age, behavior, and/or possible pathophysiological changes due to disease.
  • Think about a personalized plan of care based on these influencing factors and patient history in your case study.
By Day 3 of Week 1

Post a description of the patient case from your experiences, observations, and/or clinical practice from the last 5 years. Then, describe factors that might have influenced pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic processes of the patient you identified. Finally, explain details of the personalized plan of care that you would develop based on influencing factors and patient history in your case. Be specific and provide examples

Disparity Reduction Plan

work 3.5Create a disparity reduction plan that you could present to both physicians and the hospital administration in your community that focuses on both a specific disparity and demographic(s) affected by that disparity.Using the problem-solving methodology, you will:

  • identify the problem,
  • discuss the population most affected,
  • indicate the root cause of the problem,
  • suggest a possible solution to the problem, and
  • surmise positive outcomes from this solution based on it being used in other areas.

Use data to support your answer. Present your findings to the physicians and hospital admin in the form of a PowerPoint presentation. Your presentation should consist of at least eight slides, not counting the title and references slides.PowerPoint Requirements:

  • All graphics must be clear.
  • All graphics must be cited.
  • Include;
  • at least four photos.
  • at least one graphic.
  • notes so that the information on the slide contains simple bulleted phrasesand the notes expand on those bullets with complete sentences – as if you would use them in an oral presentation to the physicians and hospital administration.

Aging Process

NURS 179 Class Project

This project is designed to help expand your understanding of aging and to share your personal thoughts and feelings regarding the aging process. In this project, you will work independently to answer the following questions regarding the aging process. You will be required to make a powerpoint that displays the answers the questions below. Please include a reference list in APA format. The project will be due 12/7/2021 by 8:00 AM .

1. Share your personal philosophy of aging.

Please include:

a) Your personal definition of aging

b) The hopes, fears, and goals you currently hold regarding personal aging

2. Share 1 current media item (Commercial, poster, advertisement, trailer of a movie or a tv show) that reflects a positive and accurate image of aging. Explain why this is an accurate portrayal of aging using content learned in class (from powerpoint, textbook, etc.)

3. Share with the class 1 current media item that reflect a negative and erroneous image of aging. Explain why this is NOT an accurate portrayal of aging using content learned in class (from powerpoint, textbook, etc.)

4. Pick one specific disease that an older adult may experience. Please include:

A. Definition of the disease

B. Symptoms of the disease

C. Prognosis of the disease

5. Create a nursing care plan to care for a patient with this disease. Please include:

A. 2 Nursing diagnoses

B. 1 expected outcome per nursing diagnosis (2 expected outcomes total)

C. 3 Interventions for each diagnosis (6 interventions total)

D. A rationale for each nursing intervention (6 rationales total)

E. An evaluation for each intervention that demonstrates how you will know that the intervention was effective. (6 evaluations total)

6. Reflect on considerations when caring for an older adult. Please include:

a. Challenges you feel you may face when caring for older adults

b. Strategies to overcome these challenges

Project Components

Points Awarded
Personal philosophy of aging that includes

1. Personal Definition of aging (5)

2. Hopes, fears, and goals regarding aging (5)

10
1 positive media item that reflects an accurate image of aging. (10)

Explanation of why this is an accurate portrayal of aging using textbook or powerpoint references (5)

15
1 media item that reflects a negative portrayal of aging. (10)

Explanation of why this is a negative portrayal of aging using textbook or powerpoint references (5)

History And Theories Of Psychopathology

Explain the biological (genetic and neuroscientific); psychological (behavioral and cognitive processes, emotional, developmental); and social, cultural, and interpersonal factors that influence the development of psychopathology.
3PAGES

USE APA FORMAT CITING 3 SOURCES

Learning Resources

Required Readings (click to expand/reduce) 

Sadock, B. J., Sadock, V. A., & Ruiz, P. (2015). Kaplan & Sadock’s synopsis of psychiatry (11th ed.). Wolters Kluwer.
Chapter 1, Neural Sciences
2, Contributions of the Psychosocial Sciences
3, Contributions of the Sociocultural Sciences
4, Theories of Personality and Psychopathology
31.17c, Child Psychiatry: Other Conditions: Identity Problem

Butcher, J. N., & Kendall, P. C. (2018). Introduction to childhood and adolescent psychopathology. In J. N. Butcher & P. C. Kendall (Eds.), APA handbook of psychopathology: Child and adolescent psychopathology., Vol. 2. (pp. 3–14). American Psychological Association. https://go.openathens.net/redirector/waldenu.edu?url=https://doi.org/10.1037/0000065-001

Cheung, F. M., & Mak, W. W. S. (2018). Sociocultural factors in psychopathology. In J. N. Butcher & J. M. Hooley (Eds.), APA handbook of psychopathology: Psychopathology: Understanding, assessing, and treating adult mental disorders., Vol. 1. (pp. 127–147). American Psychological Association. https://go.openathens.net/redirector/waldenu.edu?url=https://doi.org/10.1037/0000064-006

Jackson, C. E., & Milberg, W. P. (2018). Examination of neurological and neuropsychological features in psychopathology. In J. N. Butcher & J. M. Hooley (Eds.), APA handbook of psychopathology: Psychopathology: Understanding, assessing, and treating adult mental disorders., Vol. 1. (pp. 65–90). American Psychological Association. https://go.openathens.net/redirector/waldenu.edu?url=https://doi.org/10.1037/0000064-004

Masten, A. S., & Kalstabakken, A. W. (2018). Developmental perspectives on psychopathology in children and adolescents. In J. N. Butcher & P. C. Kendall (Eds.), APA handbook of psychopathology: Child and adolescent psychopathology., Vol. 2. (pp. 15–36). American Psychological Association. https://go.openathens.net/redirector/waldenu.edu?url=https://doi.org/10.1037/0000065-002

Pediatric Health Promotion Plan

A family just migrated from another country to your area and you are seeing them in the clinic for the first time. They do not speak English well. There are two children, ages 2 years 6 months and 6 years. When taking the children’s history, you become aware they have not seen a provider in two years. Utilizing the Health Promotion Guide available in the course and the CHC vaccination schedule, develop a treatment plan to include vaccinations, safety, health promotion and wellness preservation for these children. Provide rationale for recommendations from sources such as the CDC.

Length: 1500 words
Format: APA
Research: At least two high-level scholarly reference in APA from within the last 5 years

the Asian culture

In the Asian culture, there is often a belief that terminally ill patients should not be informed about their prognosis. Would you respect the cultural practice and not inform a patient about the prognosis? Is there a way for health care providers to balance the patient’s right to know with respect for the cultural practices and beliefs of the family? Is not fully disclosing information to the patient an ethical breach?

pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics processes of a patient

Analyze factors that may influence pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics processes of a patient and assess the details of a personalized plan of care that you develop based on influencing factors and patient history. You will also evaluate and analyze ethical and legal implications and practices related to prescribing drugs, including disclosure and nondisclosure, and analyze the process of writing prescriptions to avoid medication errors.

There are several readings and media that you will cover this week. You have a discussion that is due this week (Wednesday), and final posts are due by day 6 (Saturday). You also have a Assignment to complete this week.

The Topic for this weeks assignments is:

· You see another nurse practitioner writing a prescription for her husband, who is not a patient of the nurse practitioner. The prescription is for a narcotic. You can’t decide whether or not to report the incident.

 

This IS mandatory repot