Casey’s Model of Nursing

Part I

The nursing theory I chose to talk about today is Anne Casey’s theory which is called Casey’s Model of nursing. Casey’s Model of Nursing focuses on the nurse working in partnership with the child and his or her family. It was one of the earliest attempts to develop a nursing model designed specifically for child health nursing. The model was developed in 1988 while she was working in pediatric oncology at the Great Ormond Street Hospital in London.

The philosophy of Casey’s model

The philosophy of Casey’s model is that the best people to care for the child are the members of the family, with health care professionals assisting because this necessitates a relationship between the parents and nurse (Prema, Yemiamrew, Wondwossen, 2018). I chose this theory because when I start my nursing career after I graduate, I really would love to work in pediatrics. I am drawn to this theory because it can help me for my future in learning how to develop healthy relationship with my pediatric patients and their family members.

The five aspects of this nursing theory are child, family, health, environment, and the nurse (Prema, Yemiamrew, Wondwossen, 2018). The child is the focal point of the model in that everything that takes place is for the child’s benefit. The family is a primary agent in the model. Together with health professionals the family are the most significant entity other than the child, because being with the child every day and being cognizant of the child’s needs and issues, the family can be instrumental in helping the child achieve and maintain health. The environment can have a potent effect on the child’s wellness. A supportive environment reinforces health, while a negative environment can erode it (Prema, Yemiamrew, Wondwossen, 2018).

Part II

personalized care

As a nurse, I want to provide personalized care to every patient I see in the hospital instead of just treat the illness, injury or condition they have. I want to make them feel comfortable, respected and confident in my nursing abilities. I am especially drawn to the pediatric side of nursing. Before school, I was a fully time nanny and absolutely loved it.

I;

enjoyed taking care of children and being a huge part of their upbringing.

do have one story that really influenced my decision.

was babysitting an 12 month old when she choked on a small piece of chicken.

pediatric unit

I was certified in CPR and performed 2 rounds of 5 back blows. And 5 chest thrusts and she vomited up the small piece of chicken. From that moment on I knew I wanted to work in the healthcare field in some sort of pediatric unit.

I;

will never forget that day because it was such a turning point for me.

intend to impact society and healthcare through my clinical nursing practice by providing comfort and security to children first and foremost.I would then like to participate in mission trips all across the world helping children in third world countries who cannot afford any healthcare.

In conclusion, I feel that my experience as a full time nanny for 8 years will really give me a good foundation to begin my journey into pediatric nursing. I am a people person and get along with other very easily. I have always wanted to help people all throughout my childhood so I feel that I am well suited for this kind of job.

Reference

Prema KU, Yemiamrew GE, Wondwossen YI. A Classical Skeleton of Nursing Theories. International Journal of Allied Medical Sciences and Clinical Research 2018; 6(1): 69-75.

community nursing practice

Community as Client: Applying the Nursing Process

The student nurses are preparing a presentation for the community health rotation.  It is critical for nurses and student nurses to understanding the concept of the  community as client is a prerequisite for effective service at every level of  community nursing practice. A major component of the presentation is to describe  a community needs assessment. 1. What are the characteristics of a healthy community? 2. What is meant by the concept of community as client? 3. What are the three dimensions of the community as client?

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are necessary for optimum health since they are the brain’s and muscles’ primary sources of energy. People who consume the most carbs, particularly those contained in whole, natural foods like beans, whole grains, fruits, and vegetables, had a lower risk of heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and obesity, according to research (Rao et al., 2019).

I’m surprised because diabetes affects people of all ages, races, sizes, and shapes, and the body doesn’t generate insulin. Yes! Even if you’re at high risk, you can avoid or delay type 2 diabetes by making simple lifestyle changes like decreasing weight and increasing your physical activity.

Studies demonstrate that cutting sugar and refined carbs from one’s diet can reduce the risk of acquiring type 2 diabetes, as sugary meals and refined carbs can put people at risk for diabetes on the fast track. Working out consistently can also assist since exercise enhances the sensitivity of insulin in body cells, so little insulin is necessary during exercise to keep blood sugar levels under control (Kenny & Abel 2019). Diabetic hypoglycemia happens when a person with diabetes does not have enough sugar  in their blood. Symptoms include dizziness, sweating, and hunger.

References

Rao, V. R., Qasba, P. K., Balaji, P. V., & Chandrasekaran, R. (2019). Conformation of carbohydrates. CRC Press.

Kenny, H. C., & Abel, E. D. (2019). Heart failure in type 2 diabetes mellitus: impact of glucose-lowering agents, heart failure therapies, and novel therapeutic strategies. Circulation research124(1), 121-141.

 

Reply 2

balances system

It is known that the brain needs fuel to operate and the fuel that provides the most energy is carbohydrates. The body has a checks and balances system to control the amount of carbohydrates processed and the way that blood glucose is affected by what we eat (Czech, 2017). Insulin helps control the body’s sugar levels and help them to be stored by transporting intracellular glucose to insulin-dependent cells and tissues, such as the liver, fat cells and muscles (Czech, 2017). Currently, in the United States, approximately 33%  of adults haveprediabetes and are at risk for type 2 diabetes (Czech, 2017). The dangerous thing is that nearly 85% don’t know they have it( ). The American Diabetes Association, also known as ADA,can help individuals suffering from Diabetes continue down a path toward health and wellbeing.

My ADA results did surprise me a little, because although my immediate family do not suffer from it, I have a lot of close connections in my community who have it. My risk of Type 2 Diabetes was low. Over 7 million people with diabetes are undiagnosed (Hunt, 2021).

Type 2 Diabetes can be delayed, but it cannot be said that it can be fully prevented. A reduction in risk factors will prevent individuals from developing the disease. Strategies to lower risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes include cutting sugar and refined cards from one’s diet (Alkhatib et. al, 2017). Working out regularly is one of the top strategies. Drinking water and watching portion sizes will also help immensely (Alkhatib et al., 2017).

Symptoms of hypoglycemia include sweating, dizziness, tingling lips. A person may feel shaky and have palpitations when hypoglycemic (Czech, 2017).

References

Alkhatib, A., Tsang, C., Tiss, A., Bahorun, T., Arefanian, H., Barake, R., … &

Tuomilehto, J. (2017). Functional foods and lifestyle approaches for diabetes prevention and management. Nutrients9(12), 1310.

Czech, M. P. (2017). Insulin action and resistance in obesity and type 2 diabetes. Nature 

medicine23(7), 804-814.

Hunt, L. M. (2021). Are corporations re-defining illness and health? The diabetes

epidemic, goal numbers, and blockbuster drugs. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, 1-21.

Lung Cancer

Lung Cancer

In this module, you will continue submitting work on your project. List three scholarly peer reviewed references you plan to use. These can be guidelines, scholarly articles, or other evidence-based sources written within the last five years. Along with this list include one to two sentences explaining how you plan to use them in your project.

Submit the three resources in APA format. This reference list is not all inclusive; you may have to add or discard resources as your project progresses. Your references on your reference page must match your in text citations.

See the resources below to assist you with this assignment.

School-Life Balance category

Prepare

· Visit the  Student Support Center  (SSC) and explore the resources under the School-Life Balance category for:

· Managing Stress

· Motivation

· Work-Life Balance

 

Write

In your reflection,

· Share your progress on the goal you set for yourself in the Post Your Introduction forum. What adjustment(s) might you need to make to be more successful? Or, what contributed to your progress?

The last course I took my main goal for the semester was to finish with an A and I would to do the same with this class. Information literacy for me is the ability to evaluate, organize and communicate knowledge. I need to work on time management more in order to finish the course with a passing grade.

· Describe what you have found most enjoyable or interesting to learn about, and what you have found most challenging or stressful.

What I have found most challenging is how much writing this class has required as well as learning a new format of writing such as APA.

· Discuss at least one strategy from the SSC you can implement to help you minimize stress or maintain work-life balance, and one strategy to boost your motivation to successfully complete the Week 5 final project.

One strategy from the SSC I could use is managing stress

Managing Stress (SSC)

Stress is a part of everyday life. Everyone knows what it feels like, but why do so many people react to it differently? The bottom line is that a person’s way of managing stress is based on how they learned how to cope with stress from childhood on through adulthood. When you react to stressful situations in an unhealthy way it can cause insomnia, digestion problems, headaches, memory loss, and high blood pressure, just to name a few. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0fL-pn80s-c&t=1s

 

One Strategy to boost motivation is

 

Motivation (SSC)

How often do you feel too overwhelmed with multiple life obligations that you lose motivation to start working on your college assignments? Sounds familiar, right? Now it’s time to get inspired! Learn how YOU can achieve your goals by changing your approach. For instance, instead of looking at a task as overwhelming, it’s important to break down those tasks into smaller and more manageable steps. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TQMbvJNRpLE&t=2s

 

 

 

Your initial post should be a minimum of 150 words.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Respond to Peers

Review your classmates’ posts and respond to at least two of your peers. Each peer response should be a minimum of 50 words.

In your peer responses, share

· Ideas with your peers that may assist them in meeting the goals they discussed in their post.

· One of the SSC resources that your peer wrote about that you did not, and how you may incorporate it as well.

· Additional strategies that your peer can use to minimize stress and maintain work-life balance.

 

 

 

 

POST 1

time management

The goal that I made in the introduction post was to build better time management skills. Though I still need to improve upon it by setting a schedule to get all my work done beforehand, I have still made some progress. I have started composing a plan, ensuring that all my peer reviews are completed by the weekend. That way, I have time to do my Monday assignments before the deadline. However, I still struggle with cutting it close to when the assignments are due. The biggest thing that I need to do is find a balance between life and school.

During this course, I enjoyed completing some of the assignments. I found it interesting to break down the articles. That includes the research process and analysis of the different sources. Though I found it easier to go through a popular source, I still found the scholarly sources complex and intriguing.

personal and academic life

One thing from the SSC that I plan on utilizing is the  9 Things Mentally Strong People Do to Manage Stress  (Links to an external site.) . I feel that this will help me balance my personal and academic life because by keeping a clear head, I will complete my work to the best of my ability and not let any distractions get in the way. By taking a brief moment to myself, It’s ensuring that I don’t become stressed or overwhelmed.

 

 

POST 2

 

My goal at the beginning of this course was to continue to strengthen my writing skills and make sure I used the proper voice in my work. I believe I have progressed positively. I’ve found that I enjoy the process of putting words together. I’m a strong believer in “it isn’t what you say, but how you say it.” Learning to speak to an audience with intention is making me pay more attention to the words I use when writing. One thing I can do to help manage my time is to try and carve out time at work to use for school. I’m at work majority of the week, so being able to take a lunch break or just find any time at all to help get the school work done will help tremendously.

discuss the Correctional Officer Subculture

250 word minimal for each paper 1 through 4

Two scholarly sources for each paper 1 through 4

 

 

 

Paper#1

Research and discuss police subcultures, are these subcultures necessary and why? Are subcultures beneficial to law enforcement?  Why and why not?

 

Paper#2

Police discretion and police corruption always seem to be discussed in the same sentence. Discuss police discretion and the need for this within law enforcement.  Discuss how in some cases discretion can be intertwined with police corruption.

Paper#3

Research and discuss the Correctional Officer Subculture. Does this differ from that of a law enforcement officer?  Why?

Paper#4

Discuss your views on capital punishment and the reasons for your position. Now take the opposite side and give reasons for this view.

reason we criminalize drugs

reason we criminalize drugs

If the previous slide is correct, people who are not experiencing high levels of stress may be able to use drugs without becoming addicted and subsequently having the negative consequences of addiction.

• If stress is the cause of addiction, should we allow people who are relatively stress free to use recreational drugs without fear of punishment?

• Is addiction, and the negative consequences associated with it, the only reason we criminalize drugs?

Remember that your post must be at least 300 words 

Case Brief for Brown v. Board of Education.

One and a half pages minimum, typed

• Double spaced

• 12 point font,

• Times New Roman

• Justified

• Grammar is important

The basic structure is: Issue, Rule, Analysis, and Conclusion.

In addition to the Issue, Rule, Analysis and Conclusion I would like for you to add the following headings:

  • Procedural History- what happened in the previous courts that landed us in court. (Was it appealed from the lower court and what was the lower courts decision)
  • The writer of the final decision.

Explain the “fruit-of-the-poisonous-tree” doctrine

Explain the “fruit-of-the-poisonous-tree” doctrine

This assignment will require you to conduct research. You can use the following resources: textbook, Internet or KU library database. You will need to find two quality references on police searches.Write an APA two-page paper that addresses the following topics:

  • Summarize and identify your articles/research.
  • Describe how to conduct a “Terry” search and list the legal justifications that allows a police officer to conduct such a search.
  • Explain the “fruit-of-the-poisonous-tree” doctrine and how this can significantly hamper a police investigation.
  • Create at least three recommendations on how police departments can improve their ability to conduct effective searches.

the courtroom proceedings

You may watch two of the following movies and write a paper.

State which two you chose

Reference you cite must be in LEGAL CITATION

  • Erin Brokovich
  • A Civil Action
  • Runaway Jury
  • My Cousin Vinny
  • A Time to Kill
  • The Lincoln Lawyer
  • To Kill A Mockingbird
  • Philadelphia
  • Presumed Innocent
  • Primal Fear
  • The Accused
  • Anatomy of a Murder
  • Inherit the Wind
  • Dark Waters
  • Marshall
  • The Judge
  • Devil’s Knot
  • North Country
  • Devil’s Advocate
  • Puncture

Take notes about the proceedings you observe, to include the date and time, the names of the parties, judges and attorneys.  Be sure to note:

  • Court atmosphere:  Were the procedures formal or informal?  If a criminal case, did the court appear concerned about protecting the defendants’ rights?
  • Types of proceedings and cases:  What procedures did you observe?  Did they appear fairly routine?  Was there a variety of cases?
  • Judge:  Age, race, gender.  How would you characterize the demeanor and skill of the judges you observed?  How did s/he interact with other courtroom personnel and the parties appearing before him/her?  Did s/he make general announcements to the whole courtroom?
  • Court personnel.  Age, race, gender.  What types of personnel were present (i.e., bailiffs, translators, transcriber, clerk, etc.)?  How would you characterize the demeanor and skill of the court personnel?
  • Attorneys:  Age, race, gender.  How would you characterize the demeanor and skill of the attorneys you observed?  Did any of the parties represent themselves?  If so, did the judge give those individuals any advice about self-representation?  If a criminal hearing, was defense counsel privately-retained or a public defender?
  • Defendants:  Age, race, gender, apparent socioeconomic status, dress, behavior in court, previous history of convictions or lawsuits mentioned.  Did you find the defendants to be credible in their demeanor or claims?
  • socioeconomic status

  • Plaintiffs/ Victims:  Age, race, gender, apparent socioeconomic status, dress, behavior in court, prior defendant-plaintiff/ victim relationship.   Did you find the defendants to be credible in their demeanor or claims?
  • Evidence:  (if a criminal matter)  Identification of defendant, police testimony, testimony of defendant, expert testimony, recovered property, recovered weapon, number and credibility of prosecution witnesses, number and credibility of defense witnesses, etc.
  • Legal issues:  Identify the substantive area of law (i.e., criminal laws, torts/personal injury, bankruptcy, traffic, probate, etc.).  What were the issues of law being raised?  Were there any objections to evidence or testimony raised by either party?
  • Sympathy factors:  Gender, age, employment status, attractiveness, etc. of both defendant and victim.
  • Other interesting factors:  Were there instances of plaintiff/ victim provocation, prior plaintiff/ victim-defendant conflict, questionable character of plaintiff/ victim, racial composition of event?
  • Court Rulings:   What were the court’s rulings?  Did any outcomes surprise you?

After you finish your observations, consider your reactions.  Did the proceedings seem fair and just?  Did the court meet your expectations?  Were you surprised at what you observed?

Observation Paper

Write a paper of 4-5 pages minimum concerning your courtroom experience.

There should be three sections to your paper (be sure to label each):

  1. Courtroom Observations:  Include a description of what you observed in the courtroom.  Give the date, name, and type of the court proceeding you observed, and describe the proceeding dimensions listed in the bulleted section above.
  2. Reactions and Analysis:  Share your personal reactions to and analysis of the proceedings.  Were you surprised by anything you saw?  Shocked or even bored? What appeared to govern the outcome in the case you observed?  Did the strength of evidence seem to determine the outcome, or were other factors more influential?
  3. Integration:  Discuss the relationship between have you’ve learned in this class (or another TNCC LGL or ADJ class) and what you observed in the courtroom.  Were you prepared for what you observed?  Are there points made in the class and the reading material that you saw illustrated in the courtroom proceedings?